Teens now forbidden to use hands-free devices while driving
SACRAMENTO, Calif. - With the New Year just around the corner, The California
Highway Patrol Is reminding motorists of several new laws or changes to existing
law that goes into effect in 2014. The following are summaries of some transportation-related laws that, unless otherwise stated, go into effect on January 1, 2014.
•AMBER Alert: Expansion (AB 535, Quirk): This law requires law enforcement to request activation of the AMBER Alerts after receiving a report that a child has been taken, abducted by anyone, including a custodial parent or guardian, who may cause
serious bodily injury or death to the child.
•Bicycles: Passing Distance (AB 1371, Bradford): This law prohibits motorists from passing a bicycle with less than three feet between any part of the vehicle and any part
of the bicycle or driver. When three feet is not possible, the motor vehicle must slow to
a reasonable and prudent speed and only pass when no danger is present to the bicyclist. Failing to do so can incur a fine, regardless of collision or not. This law will
go into effect September 16, 2014.
•Charter Bus Carriers: Limousines: Emergency Exits (SB 109, Corbett): By January
1, 2016, every limousine that has been modified or extended to accommodate additional
passengers shall have two rear doors and one or two internally removable rear emrgency
rear windows. If such modifications occurred on or after July of 2015, these requirements apply immediately after July 1, 2015. all new limousines manufactured after January 1, 2015 must meet these requirements as well.
•High Occupancy Vehicle Lanes (AB 266/ SB286, Vee/ Blumenfield): together these
laws extend sunset dates for low emission, zero emission vehicles to operate in high
occupancy vehicle lanes (HOV) without meeting occupancy requirements to January
•Hit and Run: Statute of Limitations (AB 184, Gatto): This law extends the statute
of limitations for hit-and-run collisions in which death or permanent, serious injury was
a result. A criminal complaint may be filed within three years of the offense, or one
year after the person was initially identified by law enforcement as a suspect in the
commission of the offense, which ever comes later, but in no case more than six years
after the offense.
•Registration Fees: Vehicle Theft (AB 767, Levine): This law authorizes counties to increase registration fees by $1 for passenger vehicles and $2 for commercial vehicles
to fund programs related to vehicle theft crimes in those counties.
•Search Warrants: Chemical Tests (SB 717, DeSaulnier): This amendment to current
law authorizes the issuance of a search warrant to draw blood from a person in a
easonable, medically approved manner, to show that the person violated misdemeanor
DUI provisions when that person has refused an officer's request to submit to, or has
failed to complete, a blood test. This las has been operative since September 20, 2013.
•Teen Drivers (SB 194, Galgiani): This law prohibits a person who is under 18
years of age from using an electronic wireless communications device to write, send,
or read a text-based communication while driving, even if equipped with a hands-free
For complete information on chaptered bills enacted in 2013, please refer to the
Legislative Counsel website at www.LegInfo.ca.gov.